Impact of Effectiveness of Early Childhood Education on Students Learning Outcomes in Pakistan

  • Asifa Nawaz University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Punjab
  • Dr. Ijaz Ashraf University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Punjab
  • Dr. Aisha Siddique University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Keywords: Early Childhood Education, Effectiveness, problem, Implimentation, Students Learning Outcomes, Government's ECE Schools

Abstract

Learning occurs faster in the early years of life. Early Childhood Education (ECE) programs generally entail an acquisition of concepts, skills, and attitudes that lay the foundation for school readiness. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of ECE on students learning outcomes and highlight problems related to the implementation of ECE program in District Faisalabad of Punjab province, Pakistan. All the teachers managing these ECE centres in Government schools of District Faisalabad were the population for the study. There were 313 ECE schools, and a sample of 173 ECE teachers was selected randomly (one teacher from each school). A well-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected data was analysed through SPSS, and the results were interpreted. It was concluded that a lot of challenges existed. These include untrained ECE teacher, lack of financial resources, lack of learning and physical facilities, continuous mentoring and evaluation, and lack of awareness of the significance of ECE among people. These also have a significant influence on the effectiveness of the ECE program. In Consequence, the effectiveness of ECE programme has a significantly positive impact on students learning outcomes. It was recommended that emphasis should be placed to improve the provision of ECE and to address the problems related to its implementation. And That government should introduce a proper system for effective monitoring and evaluation to maintain a conducive environment for learning and for complete mainstreaming of the ECE program.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Dr. Aisha Siddique , University of Agriculture Faisalabad

Dr. Aisha Siddique
Assistant Professor, University of Agriculture Faisalabad

References

Adnan, A., Dilshad, M., & Khan, M. Y. (2016). Effectiveness of Early Childhood Education Program in Govt. Schools of Punjab: A Situational Analysis. Development, 6(17), 40-46. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/234675338.pdf

Aladekomo, F. O. (2004). Nigeria educational policy and entrepreneurship. Journal of social sciences, 9(2), 75-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2004.11892434

Arshad, M., & Zamir, S. (2018). A situational analysis of early childhood education in Pakistan: Challenges and solutions. Journal of Early Childhood Care and Education, 2, 135–149.

Ayub, A., Bano, S., & Mukhtar, M. (2000). The role of early childhood education in all aspects of development. Unpublished MA Thesis, Punjab University, Pakistan.

Barnett, W. S. (2008). Preschool education and its lasting effects: Research and policy implications. PhD. Thesis, NIEER, The State University of New Jersey, United States.

Berkhout, L., Bakkers, H., Hoekman, J., & Goorhuis-Brouwer, S. M. (2013). Observing free play in classrooms with an instrument based on video analysis. Early Child Development and Care, 183(1), 125-136. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2012.658385

Bibi, W., & Ali, A. (2012). The impact of preschool education on the academic achievements of primary school students. The Dialogue, 7(2), 152-159.

Dilshad, R. M. (2010). Assessing quality of teacher education: A student perspective. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 30(1), 85-97.

Eshetu, A. A. (2015). The impact of attending preschool education on later academic achievement of students: Empirical evidences from Dessie, Ethiopia. Basic Research Journal of Education Research and Review, 4(3), 72-80.

Feeney, S., Moravcik, E., & Nolte, S. (2019). Who am I in the lives of children?: an introduction to teaching young children. Pearson Education incorporation, New York, USA.

Gordon, A. M., & Browne, K. W. (2016). Beginnings & beyond: Foundations in early childhood education. Cengage learning.

Hussain, I., & Sultan, S. (2010). Parent’s literacy and preschool education: a study of practices and problems of early childhood education in Pakistan. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 624-628. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.074

Juma, A. (2004). Improving Practices in Early Childhood Classrooms in Pakistan: issues and challenges from the field. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 5(3), 402-407. https://doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2004.5.3.11

Konstelnik, M. J. (2019). Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum Best Practice in Early Childhood Education. Teaching and learning in developmentally appropriate programs. Pearson, New York, USA, Pp. 11-23.

Malik, A. B. (2010). Public-private partnerships in Education: Lessons learned from the Punjab Education Foundation (Vol. 309). Asian Development Bank.

Ministry of Education (2007). National Curriculum for Early Childhood Education, Islamabad. Government of Pakistan.

Mishra, C. R. (2005). Early childhood care and education: early childhood initiatives. APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India.

Murtaza, K. F. (2011). Developing child friendly environment in early childhood education classroom in Pakistan. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 1(3), 408.

Mustard, F. (2008). Early childhood development: The best start for all South Australians. Adelaide, South Australia: Department of Education and Children’s Services.

Osakwe, R. N. (2009). The effect of early childhood education experience on the academic performances of primary school children. Studies on Home and Community Science, 3(2), 143-147.

Pardhan, A. (2011). Influence of teacher–student interactions on kindergarten children’s developing gender identity within the Pakistani urban classroom culture. Early Child Development and Care, 181(7), 929-948.

Pardhan, A. (2012). Pakistani Teachers’ Perceptions of Kindergarten Children’s Learning: An Exploration of Understanding and Practice. Frontiers of Education in China, 7(1), 33-64.

Piaget, J. (2010). The language and thought of the child. Routledge Classics.

Priest, H. M., Roberts, P., Dent, H., Blincoe, C., Lawton, D., & Armstrong, C. (2008). Interprofessional education and working in mental health: in search of the evidence base. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(4), 474-485. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00867.x

Rehman, A. (2006). A Comparative Study of Development tasks of 3 years old Children in Ad Private School of the City. Unpublished MA Thesis, IER, Lahore: Punjab University.

Sang, C. J. (2013). Effect of classroom environment on academic performance In mathematics of preschool children in pioneer zone, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Shonkoff, J. P., Richter, L., van der Gaag, J., & Bhutta, Z. A. (2012). An integrated scientific framework for child survival and early childhood development. Pediatrics, 129(2), e460-e472. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-0366

The National Council of Educational Research and Training (2005). National focus group on early childhood education. NCERT, New Delhi, India.

Woldehanna, T. (2011). The effects of early childhood education attendance on cognitive development: evidence from urban Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Economics, 20(1), 113-164.

Young, M. E. (Ed.). (2002). From early child development to human development: Investing in our children’s future. World Bank Publications.

Published
2021-05-18
How to Cite
Nawaz, A., Ashraf , I., & Siddique, A. (2021). Impact of Effectiveness of Early Childhood Education on Students Learning Outcomes in Pakistan . Interdisciplinary Journal of Education Research , 3(2), 32-39. https://doi.org/10.51986/ijer-2021.vol3.02.04