The publication of peer-reviewed articles plays a vital role in the development of knowledge. Therefore, it is fundamental that publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers operate within an acceptable ethical and professional standard in the process of journal publication. Our publication ethics policy is based on the "code of conduct and best-practice guidelines for journal editors" published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). In addition, the Interdisciplinary Journal of Education Research also complies with the "principles of transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing" collaboratively made available by the Committee on Publication Ethics, the Directory of Open Access Journals, the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association and the World Association of Medical Editors.  Based on this, the ethical guidelines for publishers, editors, reviewers and authors are discussed below following the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)'s core practices.

Ethical Guidelines for Publishers

  • The publisher (ERRCDF) dedicates to supporting the editors, reviewers and authors' voluntary endeavours.
  • The publisher (ERRCDF) also ensures that the article publication process and the system are smooth with utmost ethical conformity to ethical guidelines among editors, reviewers, and the authors.

Ethical Guidelines for Editors

  • Editors should ensure that submitted articles are acknowledged within two working days of receipt and ensure an unbiased and fair peer-review process, review status and timely review reports.
  • The editor must ensure that manuscripts are dealt with confidentially without disclosing article related issues to anyone other than the authors, the reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher if need be. The editorial board members cannot use any unpublished materials disclosed during the submission and revision process for their research purpose or personal advantages.
  • The editor must declare and excuse him or herself from the article process if there is a conflicting interest with the author(s), authors' affiliations, and region.
  • The reviewers' names and detailed identities must not be divulged to a third party without the reviewers' permission.
  • The final decision on whether or not to accept the article lies in the prerogative right of the editor with a clearly defined reference to originality, significance and clarity of the article. The editor's decision must be informed by the article's importance, quality, validity, relevance, and originality to the journal's scope and the world of knowledge. This decision process must not be influenced by the authors' sexual orientation, religion, ethnic attachment, institutional affiliation, political philosophy, race, citizenship and gender.
  • The editor should by no reason oblige the authors to cite their journal(s) or his or her personal articles as a condition for accepting articles for publication.
  • In case of any ethical issues concerning a submitted manuscript or a published paper, the editor should take the necessary measures in consultation with the authors.

Ethical Guidelines for Reviewers

  • Reviewers should ensure optimum objectivity devoid of personal displeasure. Reviewers should objectively express their views with argument within the limited and extended purview of the article and refrain from unfair and or unsubstantiated comments, including unfounded reproaches of any kind.
  • Reports of the review should be prepared by the reviewer unless the editor grants permission to involve a third party/another person(s). Reviewers are prohibited from requesting authors to cite theirs work or associate work unless there is a justifiable and valid reason. All suggestions must be informed by valid, reliable, technical academic criteria.
  • Reviewers should excuse themselves from any conflicting and competing interest which is not limited to intellectual, professional, political or religious, institutional, financial, among others. For example, if the article is from the same institutions where the reviewer is currently employed, has a collaborator, joint grant holders, and has mentees or mentors, reviewers are advised to decline the review of such articles.
  • Reviewers are to accept articles they are qualified to review with the assurance that they will deliver within the prompt possible time. Otherwise, the reviewer is responsible for notifying the editor, who will reconsider the article for another reviewer.
  • Confidentiality is sacrosanct in the publication process; therefore, the manuscript routed to any reviewer must be treated with the utmost confidentiality. In addition, the reviewer at all times should refrain from using information from the review process for personal advantage to discredit or disadvantage others.  
  • In case of any irregularities such as ethical and plagiarism issues, as the reviewers may observe or notice, such plagiarised material or falsified data should be communicated in confidence to the journal editor.

Ethical Guidelines for Authors

  • Redundant, multiple or concurrent publication is prohibited in this journal. An article submitted must not be submitted concurrently to another journal, except the editor of IJER rejects the article. Also, a previously published article should not be submitted to this journal for consideration. In general, authors should desist from publishing articles that may be seen as essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. IJER considers this unethical and unacceptable.
  • The author should ensure that his or her research data is honestly gathered and interpreted. Hence, reviewers, editors, readers and even the publisher are entitled to request such from the author for his or her research. Therefore, authors should retain such data for any possible use after publication.
  • By submitting articles, authors have guaranteed that the submitted work is original and that the work or words of others that were used are cited and acknowledged appropriately.
  • Authors should ensure that the submitted article is within the similarity index of ten per cent or less. Plagiarism in all forms, including self-plagiarism, are unethical and unacceptable.
  • Authors must indicate that all sources involved in the research and the conflict of interest have been disclosed where necessary.
  • Acknowledgement of those who have made one or two contributions to the research must be made while those who made a significant contribution to the study be made by the co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors consent and approve the final copy of the article before submission.
  • In the case of any apparent errors in a published article, the author should immediately notify the editor and cooperatively work with the editor to retract or correct the article. If a third party informs the editor that a published paper contains an obvious error, the author should write a retraction letter or make the correction within the author's directives. 
  • An article may need to be retracted, removed or replaced in order to protect the credibility and trustworthiness of academic literature. This may be determined by the editor-in-chief and initiated by the authors if there are flaws in data and subsequent conclusions. However, a notice of such will be published alongside the title, the authors and the reason for the action.